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Title: Driving for decarbonization: Assessing the energy, environmental, and economic benefits of less aggressive driving in Lisbon, Portugal
Author: Faria, Marta V.
Duarte, Gonçalo O.
Varella, Roberto A.
Farias, Tiago L.
Baptista, Patrícia C.
Keywords: Driving behavior
Energy consumption
Pollutants emissions
Economic analysis
Comportamento de condução
Consumo de energia
Emissões de poluentes
Análise económica
Issue Date: Jan-2019
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: FARIA, Marta V.; [et al] – Driving for decarbonization: Assessing the energy, environmental, and economic benefits of less aggressive driving in Lisbon, Portugal. Energy Research & Social Science. ISSN 2214-6296. Vol. 47 (2019), pp. 113-127
Abstract: This work assesses the impacts of aggressive driving behavior on pollutants emissions and energy consumption at a city level. Furthermore, it performs an economic analysis considering the potential avoided emissions and fuel savings and discusses potential policy measures to address this topic. The results showed that aggressive driving significantly impacts energy consumption and emissions, with energy consumption increasing by more than similar to 200% and emissions by 330% for aggressive driving compared to non-aggressive driving (in MJ/km and in g/ km, respectively). This increment was found to be even higher for diesel vehicles than for gasoline vehicles. On the contrary, gasoline vehicles showed higher percentages of increase for most emissions (CO, NOx and NO). Results also revealed that aggressive driving impacts are higher for local streets when examining the city level. Moreover, the economic analysis showed that significant cost reductions may be achieved by avoiding aggressive driving, reaching up to 52.5 k(sic) on a daily basis. In conclusion, this study is of particular relevance to policy makers and urban planners, enabling to obtain a comprehensive overview of the impacts of aggressive driving behaviors at a city level and providing new insights to perform further developments and to assess the feasibility of the implementation of policy measures.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.erss.2018.09.006
ISSN: 2214-6296
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Appears in Collections:ISEL - Eng. Mecan. - Artigos

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