Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.21/1584
Título: Genotoxic effects of exposure to formaldehyde in two different occupational settings
Autor: Viegas, Susana
Ladeira, Carina
Gomes, Mário
Nunes, Carla
Brito, Miguel
Prista, João
Palavras-chave: Saúde ambiental
Saúde ocupacional
Environmental health
Occupational health
Data: Abr-2012
Editora: InTech
Citação: Viegas S, Ladeira C, Gomes M, Nunes C, Brito M, Prista J. Genotoxic effects of exposure to formaldehyde in two different occupational settings. In Pesheva M, Dimitrov M, Stoycheva TS, editors. Carcinogen. InTech; 2012. p. 35-54.
Resumo: Formaldehyde (CH2O), the most simple and reactive aldehyde, is a colorless, reactive and readily polymerizing gas at room temperature (National Toxicology Program [NTP]. It has a pungent suffocating odor that is recognized by most human subjects at concentrations below 1 ppm. Aleksandr Butlerov synthesized the chemical in 1859, but it was August Wilhelm von Hofmann who identified it as the product formed from passing methanol and air over a heated platinum spiral in 1867. This method is still the basis for the industrial production of formaldehyde today, in which methanol is oxidized using a metal catalyst. By the early 20th century, with the explosion of knowledge in chemistry and physics, coupled with demands for more innovative synthetic products, the scene was set for the birth of a new material–plastics. According to the Report on Carcinogens, formaldehyde ranks 25th in the overall U.S. chemical production, with more than 5 million tons produced each year. Formaldehyde annual production rises up to 21 million tons worldwide and it has increased in China with 7.5 million tons produced in 2007. Given its economic importance and widespread use, many people are exposed to formaldehyde environmentally and/or occupationally. Commercially, formaldehyde is manufactured as an aqueous solution called formalin, usually containing 37% by weight of dissolved formaldehyde. This chemical is present in all regions of the atmosphere arising from the oxidation of biogenic and anthropogenic hydrocarbons. Formaldehyde concentration levels range typically from 2 to 45 ppbV (parts per billion in a given volume) in urban settings that are mainly governed by primary emissions and secondary formation.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.21/1584
ISBN: 978-953-51-0658-6
Versão do Editor: http://www.intechopen.com/books/carcinogen/genotoxic-effects-of-occupational-exposure-to-formaldehyde
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