Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.21/4740
Título: Effect of technical parameters on dose and image quality in a computed radiography system
Autor: Tavares, A.
Lança, Luís
Machado, Nuno
Palavras-chave: Radiology
Digital radiography
Radiation dose
Radiation physics
Radiation safety
Radiation effects
Education and training
Data: Mar-2015
Citação: Tavares A, Lança L, Machado N. Effect of technical parameters on dose and image quality in a computed radiography system. In ECR 2015, Vienna (Austria), 4th to 8th March 2015.
Resumo: The discovery of X-rays was undoubtedly one of the greatest stimulus for improving the efficiency in the provision of healthcare services. The ability to view, non-invasively, inside the human body has greatly facilitated the work of professionals in diagnosis of diseases. The exclusive focus on image quality (IQ), without understanding how they are obtained, affect negatively the efficiency in diagnostic radiology. The equilibrium between the benefits and the risks are often forgotten. It is necessary to adopt optimization strategies to maximize the benefits (image quality) and minimize risk (dose to the patient) in radiological facilities. In radiology, the implementation of optimization strategies involves an understanding of images acquisition process. When a radiographer adopts a certain value of a parameter (tube potential [kVp], tube current-exposure time product [mAs] or additional filtration), it is essential to know its meaning and impact of their variation in dose and image quality. Without this, any optimization strategy will be a failure. Worldwide, data show that use of x-rays has been increasingly frequent. In Cabo Verde, we note an effort by healthcare institutions (e.g. Ministry of Health) in equipping radiological facilities and the recent installation of a telemedicine system requires purchase of new radiological equipment. In addition, the transition from screen-films to digital systems is characterized by a raise in patient exposure. Given that this transition is slower in less developed countries, as is the case of Cabo Verde, the need to adopt optimization strategies becomes increasingly necessary. This study was conducted as an attempt to answer that need. Although this work is about objective evaluation of image quality, and in medical practice the evaluation is usually subjective (visual evaluation of images by radiographer / radiologist), studies reported a correlation between these two types of evaluation (objective and subjective) [5-7] which accredits for conducting such studies. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of exposure parameters (kVp and mAs) when using additional Cooper (Cu) filtration in dose and image quality in a Computed Radiography system.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.21/4740
DOI: 10.1594/ecr2015/C-2035
Versão do Editor: http://posterng.netkey.at/esr/viewing/index.php?module=viewing_poster&pi=128496
Aparece nas colecções:ESTeSL - Posters

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