Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.21/2220
Título: Nanofiltration of surface water for the removal of endocrine disruptors
Autor: Salvaterra, Ana Filipa
Sarmento, Georgina
Minhalma, Miguel
de Pinho, Maria Norberta
Palavras-chave: Nanofiltration
Surface Water Treatment
Endocrine Disruptors
Natural Organic Matter
Drinking Water
Nonylphenol Ethoxylate
Natural Organic-Matter
Alkylphenol Polyethoxylate Surfactants
Solid-Phase Extraction
Rejection Properties
Aquatic Environment
Data: Nov-2011
Editora: Desalination Publ
Citação: SALVATERRA, Ana Filipa; SARMENTO, Georgina; MINHALMA, Miguel; de PINHO, Maria Norberta - Nanofiltration of surface water for the removal of endocrine disruptors. Desalination and Water Treatment. ISSN 1944-3994. Vol. 35, n.º 1-3 (2011) p. 54-61.
Resumo: The assessment of surface water nanofiltration (NF) for the removal of endocrine disruptors (EDs) Nonylphenol Ethoxylate (IGEPAL), 4-Nonylphenol (NP) and 4-Octylphenol (OP) was carried out with three commercial NF membranes - NF90, NF200, NF270. The permeation experiments were conducted in laboratory flat-cell units of 13.2 x 10(-4) m(2) of surface area and in a DSS Lab-unit M20 with a membrane surface area of 0.036 m2. The membranes hydraulic permeabilities ranged from 3.7 to 15.6 kg/h/m(2)/bar and the rejection coefficients to NaCl, Na2SO4 and Glucose are for NF90: 97%, 99% and 97%, respectively; for NF200: 66%, 98% and 90%, respectively and for NF270: 48%, 94% and 84%, respectively. Three sets of nanofiltration experiments were carried out: i) NF of aqueous model solutions of NP, IGEPAL and OP running in total recirculation mode; ii) NF of surface water from Rio Sado (Settibal, Portugal) running in concentration mode; iii) NF of surface water from Rio Sado inoculated with NP, IGEPAL and OP running in concentration mode. The results of model solutions experiments showed that the EDs rejection coefficients are approximately 100% for all the membranes. The results obtained for the surface water showed that the rejection coefficients to natural organic Matter (NOM) are 94%, 82% and 78% for NF90, NF200 and NF 270 membranes respectively, with and without inoculation of EDs. The rejection coefficients to EDs in surface water with and without inoculation of EDs are 100%, showing that there is a fraction of NOM of high molecular weight that retains the EDs in the concentrate and that there is a fraction of NOM of low molecular weight that permeates through the NF membranes free of EDs.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.21/2220
ISSN: 1944-3994
Aparece nas colecções:ISEL - Eng. Quim. Biol. - Artigos

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