Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.21/5062
Título: 2D PCA-Based localization for mobile robots in unstructured environments
Autor: Carreira, Fernando
Christo, C.
Valerio, D.
Ramalho, M.
Cardeira, C.
Calado, João Manuel Ferreira
Oliveira, P.
Data: 2012
Editora: IEEE
Citação: CARREIRA, Fernando.; [et al] – 2D PCA-Based localization for mobile robots in unstructured environments. In Book Series: IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems. IEEE, 2012. ISBN:978-1-4673-1736-8. Pp. 3867-3868
Resumo: In this paper a new PCA-based positioning sensor and localization system for mobile robots to operate in unstructured environments (e. g. industry, services, domestic ...) is proposed and experimentally validated. The inexpensive positioning system resorts to principal component analysis (PCA) of images acquired by a video camera installed onboard, looking upwards to the ceiling. This solution has the advantage of avoiding the need of selecting and extracting features. The principal components of the acquired images are compared with previously registered images, stored in a reduced onboard image database, and the position measured is fused with odometry data. The optimal estimates of position and slippage are provided by Kalman filters, with global stable error dynamics. The experimental validation reported in this work focuses on the results of a set of experiments carried out in a real environment, where the robot travels along a lawn-mower trajectory. A small position error estimate with bounded co-variance was always observed, for arbitrarily long experiments, and slippage was estimated accurately in real time.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.21/5062
ISBN: 978-1-4673-1736-8
ISSN: 2153-0858
Aparece nas colecções:ISEL - Eng. Mecan. - Comunicações

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