Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.21/5032
Título: Reducing effective dose to a paediatric phantom by using different combinations of kVp, mAs and additional filtration whilst maintaining image quality
Autor: Bloomfield, Charlotte
Boavida, Filipa
Chabloz, Diane
Crausaz, Emilie
Huizinga, Elsbeth
Hustveit, Hanne
Knight, Heidi
Pereira, Ana
Harsaker, Vanja
Schaake, Wouter
Visser, Ruurd
Palavras-chave: Radiology
Computed tomography
Paediatric patients
Dose reduction
Additional filters
Pelvis
Low kVp mAs
Data: 2015
Editora: Open Source, University of Salford
Citação: Bloomfield C, Boavida F, Chabloz D, Crausaz E, Huizinga E, Pereira A, et al. Reducing effective dose to a paediatric phantom by using different combinations of kVp, mAs and additional filtration whilst maintaining image quality. In Hogg P, Lança L, editors. OPTIMAX 2014 – Radiation dose and image quality optimisation in medical imaging. Salford, UK: Open Source, University of Salford; 2015. p. 85-91.
Resumo: Purpose: To determine whether using different combinations of kVp and mAs with additional filtration can reduce the effective dose to a paediatric phantom whilst maintaining diagnostic image quality. Methods: 27 images of a paediatric AP pelvis phantom were acquired with different kVp, mAs and additional copper filtration. Images were displayed on quality controlled monitors with dimmed lighting. Ten diagnostic radiographers (5 students and 5 experienced radiographers) had eye tests to assess visual acuity before rating the images. Each image was rated for visual image quality against a reference image using 2 alternative forced choice software using a 5-point Likert scale. Physical measures (SNR and CNR) were also taken to assess image quality. Results: Of the 27 images rated, 13 of them were of acceptable image quality and had a dose lower than the image with standard acquisition parameters. Two were produced without filtration, 6 with 0.1mm and 5 with 0.2mm copper filtration. Statistical analysis found that the inter-rater and intra-rater reliability was high. Discussion: It is possible to obtain an image of acceptable image quality with a dose that is lower than published guidelines. There are some areas of the study that could be improved. These include using a wider range of kVp and mAs to give an exact set of parameters to use. Conclusion: Additional filtration has been identified as amajor tool for reducing effective dose whilst maintaining acceptable image quality in a 5 year old phantom.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.21/5032
ISBN: 9781907842603
Versão do Editor: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/34439/
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