Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.21/5029
Título: The effects of clinical support surfaces on pressure as a risk factor in the development of pressure ulcers, from a radiographical perspective: a narrative literature review
Autor: Everton, C.
Bird, S.
Brito, W.
Collé, P.
Franco, A. P.
Lutjeber, S.
Nodeland, K.
Rième, S.
Siddika, M.
Webb, J.
Angmorterh, S.
Palavras-chave: Radiology
Radiography
Pressure ulcer
Comfort
Supine
Data: 2015
Editora: Open Source, University of Salford
Citação: Everton C, Bird S, Brito W, Collé P, Franco AP, Lutjeber S, et al. The effects of clinical support surfaces on pressure as a risk factor in the development of pressure ulcers, from a radiographical perspective: a narrative literature review. In Hogg P, Lança L, editors. OPTIMAX 2014 – Radiation dose and image quality optimisation in medical imaging. Salford, UK: Open Source, University of Salford; 2015. p. 69-74.
Resumo: Purpose: Pressure ulcers are a high cost, high volume issue for health and medical care providers, having a detrimental effect on patients and relatives. Pressure ulcer prevention is widely covered in the literature, but little has been published regarding the risk to patients in the radiographical setting. This review of the current literature is to identify findings relevant to radiographical context. Methods: Literature searching was performed using Science Direct and Medline databases. The search was limited to articles published in the last ten years to remain current and excluded studies containing participants less than 17 years of age. In total 14 studies were acquired; three were excluded as they were not relevant. The remaining 11 studies were compared and reviewed. Discussion: Eight of the studies used ‘healthy’ participants and three used symptomatic participants. Nine studies explored interface pressure with a range of pressure mat technologies, two studies measured shear (MRI finite element modelling, and a non-invasive instrument), and one looked at blood flow and haemoglobin oxygenation. A range of surfaces were considered from trauma, nursing and surgical backgrounds for their ability to reduce pressure including standard mattresses, high specification mattresses, rigid and soft layer spine boards, various overlays (gel, air filled, foam). Conclusion: The current literature is not appropriate for the radiographic patient and cannot be extrapolated to a radiologic context. Sufficient evidence is presented in this review to support the need for further work specific to radiography in order to minimise the development of PU in at risk patients.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.21/5029
ISBN: 9781907842603
Versão do Editor: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/34439/
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