Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.21/2889
Título: Occupational exposure to Aflatoxin B1 in swine production and possible contamination sources
Autor: Viegas, Susana
Veiga, Luísa
Figueiredo, Paula
Almeida, Ana
Carolino, Elisabete
Sabino, Raquel
Veríssimo, Cristina
Viegas, Carla
Palavras-chave: Occupational exposure
Aflatoxin B1
Swine
Fungal contamination
Portugal
Data: Out-2013
Editora: Taylor & Francis
Citação: Viegas S, Veiga L, Figueiredo P, Almeida A, Carolino E, Sabino R, et al. Occupational exposure to Aflatoxin B1 in swine production and possible contamination sources. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2013;76(15):944-51.
Resumo: Although the adverse health consequences of ingestion of food contaminated with aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) are known, relatively few studies are available on the adverse effects of exposure in occupational settings. Taking this into consideration, our study was developed aiming to elucidate the possible effects of occupational exposure to AFB1 in Portuguese swine production facilities using a specific biomarker to assess exposure to AFB1. In total, 28 workers participated in this study, providing blood samples, and a control group (n  = 30) was composed of subjects without any type of agricultural activity. Fungal contamination was also studied by conventional methods through air, surfaces, and new and used floor coverage. Twenty-one workers (75%) showed detectable levels of AFB1 with values ranging from <1 ng/ml to 8.94 ng/ml and with a mean value of 1.91 ± 1.68 ng/ml. In the control group, the AFB1 values were all below 1 ng/ml. Twelve different Aspergillus species were identified. Aspergillus versicolor presented the highest airborne spore counts (3210 CFU/m3) and was also detected in higher values in surfaces (>300 CFU/cm2). Data indicate that exposure to AFB1 occurs in swine barns, and this site serves as a contamination source in an occupational setting.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.21/2889
ISSN: 1528-7394
Versão do Editor: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/15287394.2013.826569#tabModule
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