Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.21/1480
Título: More than maternal sensitivity shapes attachment : infant coping and temperament
Autor: Fuertes, Marina
Santos, Pedro Lopes dos
Beeghly, Marjorie
Tronick, Edward
Palavras-chave: Attachment
Infants born prematurely
Resilience
Multidimensional approach
Data: Jun-2006
Editora: New York Academy of Sciences
Citação: Fuertes, M., Lopes dos Santos, P., Beeghly, M., & Tronick, E. (2006). More than Maternal Sensitivity Shapes Attachment: Infant Coping and Temperament. Annals of New York Academy of Sciences, 1094, pp. 292-296.
Resumo: The aim of this longitudinal studywas to investigate the effect of a set of factors from multiple levels of influence: infant temperament, infant regulatory behavior, and maternal sensitivity on infant’s attachment. Our sample consisted of 48 infants born prematurely and their mothers. At 1 and 3 months of age, mothers described their infants’behavior using the Escala de Temperamento do Beb´e. At 3 months of age, infants’ capacity to regulate stress was evaluated during Tronick’s Face-to-Face Still-Face (FFSF) paradigm. At 9 months of age, mothers’ sensitivity was evaluated during free play using the CARE-Index. At 12 months of age, infants’ attachment security was assessed during Ainsworth’s Strange Situation. A total of 16 infants were classified as securely attached, 17 as insecure-avoidant, and 15 as insecure-resistant. Mothers of securely attached infantswere more likely than mothers of insecure infants to describe their infants as less difficult and to be more sensitive to their infants in free play. In turn, secure infants exhibited more positive responses during the Still-Face. Infants classified as insecureavoidant were more likely to self-comfort during the Still-Face and had mothers who were more controlling during free play. Insecure-resistant exhibited higher levels of negative arousal during the Still-Face and had mothers who were more unresponsive in free play. These findings show that attachment quality is influenced bymultiple factors, including infant temperament, coping behavior, and maternal sensitivity.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.21/1480
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